Mark Twain is the pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, born on November 30, 1835, in Florida, Missouri. Clemens was an American humorist, journalist, lecturer, and novelist who acquired international fame for his travel narratives, especially The Innocents Abroad (1869), Roughing It (1872), and Life on the Mississippi (1883), and for his adventure stories of boyhood, especially The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). A gifted raconteur, distinctive humorist, and irascible moralist, he transcended the apparent limitations of his origins to become a popular public figure and one of America’s best and most beloved writers. He was also a riverboat pilot, journalist, lecturer, entrepreneur and inventor. Twain/Clemens died on April 21, 1910, in Redding, Connecticut.